Ps. 101, 7: "He that worketh deceit shall not
dwell within my house: he that telleth lies shall not
tally in my sight." We make no apology for selecting this portion of a
Psalm of David in preparing this appendix. In the Contemporary
Jewish Record for July-August, 1939. Ben Zion Bokser
has an article, entitled: "Talmudic Forgeries, A
Case Study in Anti-Jewish Propaganda." From that we take the
The American Jewish Year Books, in the Jewish Section of the New York Public
Library, for the years 1913-1914, and
1914-1915, contain a number of references to this famous trial in which Beilis
was the defendant. These will be condensed as much as possible for lack of
space. "At the request of Mackevitch, Committee
appointed to examine all books in library of
From the last page, 376, of
Albert Monniot's "Le Crime Ritual chez les Juifs," 1914 edition, which book is in the Jewish
section of the New York Public Library, we obtain a brief resume of this famous
Beilis case: "By virtue of all that precedes, Menachile
Mendel Teview Beylis,
bourgeois of Kiev, 29 years of age, is accused of having killed, in company
with other persons unknown to the law, Andre Ioutchinski,
age 12 years, with fanatical religious intent. The foregoing boy was seized
In this Beilis case there were two points to be considered by the jury,
first was a ritual murder committed; second, was Beilis guilty of the crime. On
the first charge, the jury voted unanimously that Yuchinsky
had been the victim of a ritual murder, but on the second, the jury voted , which was a verdict for Beilis.
Returning to the American Jewish Year Book, we find an interesting item:
"Appeals on behalf of Professor Troitzky to
permit him to return to his post at the
Arnold S. Leese,
Says Leese, page 46: "And what of the Popes who have supported the
Ritual Murder accusation by their acts? There are many. Sixtus
IX approved in his Bull XII, Kal., July, 1478, of the conduct of the Bishop who dealt with
the Jews in the St. Simon case at
Gregory XIII recognized Simon as a martyr and himself visited the shrine. Sixtus V ratified the cult of St. Simon in 1588, allowing the celebration of mass in his name. This is confirmed as a fact by Benedict XIV, who in a Bull Beatus Andreas (1788, Venice, IV, p. 101 seq.) beatified both Simon and Andreas, two boys murdered by the Jews 'in hatred of the faith of Jesus Christ'; 'the Jews,' he said, 'used every means to escape the just punishment that they had merited and to escape the just anger of the Christians.' How significant of the methods of the advocate for the Jew, to note that in Strack's book, no mention whatever is made of Benedict XIV's Bull, although the actions of Sixtus IV are wilfully misinterpreted.
"Gregory XVI, also, gave his support to the anti-Jewish accusers when he honored Gougenot des Mousseaux by making him a Chevalier of the Order of St. Gregory the Great in reward for writing his book, Le Juif, le Judaisme at la Judaisation des Peuples Chretiens, in which Gougenot des Mousseaux devoted a chapter charging the Jews with Ritual Murder of Christians for the sake of their blood.
"Pius IX refused to see the Jew Montefiore when the latter was returning from his visits to Egypt and Constantinople, where he had bribed the Khedive and the Sultan so that the Jews at Damascus could escape the consequences of their guilt of the Ritual Murder of Father Tomasi and his servant; this in spite of the shameless Jewish persistence which has been fully described in Sir Moses Montefiore's biography. That showed what Pius IX thought about it, and he himself was of Jewish blood.
"POPE LEO XIII BESTOWED DISTINCTIONS ON EDOUARD DRUMONT, AUTHOR OF LA
"To sum up: The Popes who have appeared to disbelieve the existence of the Ritual Murder crime have, with the exception of Clement XIII, been those who lived in the least enlightened times; many later Popes have given very clear evidence that they hold the opposite opinion. * * * Remember that although other murdered boys, victims of Jewish Ritual Murder, have been regarded in many places as saints without papal authority, there is no record of papal disapproval of these cults except in the case of Sixtus IV, already mentioned, whose action was purely disciplinary, and who himself specifically approved of the conduct of the Ritual Murder Case to which the matter referred. Such locally beatified 'saints' or martyrs were St. William of Norwich (1144), St. Werner of Oberwessel (1286), St. Rudolph of Berne (1287), St. Richard of Pontoise (1179), and St. Hugh of Lincoln.2 In every such case it is quite obvious that the cult had the full approval at least of the episcopal authorities over the places mentioned.
"Those who condemn the Blood Accusation as a wicked invention for the purpose of persecuting Jews and robbing them, must at the same time condemn wholesale some of the highest dignitaries of the Catholic Church, men against whom nothing is known beyond that they had excellent characters, like William Turbe, Bishop of Norwich, to give an English example.
"Many of the earliest records we have of these Ritual Murders come from the pens of Catholic historians, such as the Bollandists, a body of Belgian Jesuits; a list of the principal works will be found at the end of the book.3
"Father Creagh, Redemptorist,
publicly accused Jews of the practice of Ritual Murder, on
Perhaps I may best wind up this chapter by giving the names of the twelve members of juries who investigated, considered and condemned the Jews in the Ritual Murder case of La Guardia in Toledo, together with their qualifications; (1) Maestre Fray Juan de S'antaspiratus, Professor of Hebrew, Salamanca University; (2) Maestre Fray Diego de Bretonia, Professor of Scripture; (3) Fray Antonio de la Pena, Prior; (4) Dr. Anton Rodiguez Carnejo, Professor of Canon Law; (5) Dr. Diego de Burgos, Professor of Civil Law; (6) Dr. Juan de Covillas, Professor of Canon Law; (7) Fray Sebastian de Huerta; (8) Licentiate Alvaro de Sant Estevan, Queen Isabel's corregidor for Avila; (9) Ruy Garcia Mansio, Bishop Talevera's provisor; (10) Fray Rodrigo Vela, head of the Franciscan Monastery, Avila; (11) Dr. Tristan, Canon of Avila; (12) Juna de Saint Estevan. On the findings of such men of standing we surely have every right to reply [sic; rely].
Returning now to Monniot's book, especially to the Beilis trial: "Professor Troitzky, the expert for the defence, was asked how then are to be understood the two following texts: 'Every Goim (anyone who is not a Jew) studying the law must die' and 'even though he be the best of Goim.' Mr. Troitzy declared that he admitted unconditionally the existence of these two texts in the writings of the Jews, but was at a loss to determine their influence in the life of the Jews or on their relations with gentiles. Although always denying the use of the blood of Christians by the Jews for ritualistic purposes, Professor Troitzky declared that he never considered this question other than a point of view held by Jews-Talmudists. When it came to expressing himself unequivocally on this question, as envisaged by the Jewish mystics, the professor declared himself to be incapable to do so, having but a very vague idea of the subject. (Cf. 191, 231, Vol. VI).
"IV. The expert Pranaitis differed emphatically with Professors Glagoleff and Troitzky. Having studied the religion of the Jews in every form, he discovered the existence of the so-called 'blood tenet' among the Jews. The Catholic priest Pranaitis based this conclusion on the following facts: All the rabbinical schools, in spite of their divergence in many questions, meet on common ground in their hatred of non-Jews, who, according to the Talmud, are to be regarded as 'beasts in human form.' This feeling of hatred and malice which the Jews harbor towards all men belonging to other nationalities and religions reaches its apex when Christians are concerned. This feeling prompts the command to kill the non-Jews given in Talmud. The celebrated rule 'thou shalt not kill' pertains to Jews alone.
"However the feeling of hatred is not the sole motive that conditions
the relations of the Jews with the gentiles in the indicated sense. The
extermination of non-Jews is identified with religious heroism, prescribed by
the Law. According to the mystic law especially, every death of a non-Jew
hastens the advent of Messiah, to which every Jew should aspire. The death of a
non-Jew also has the value of a sacrificial rite, a rite which was the most
important one in the cult of the Jew. The blood sacrifices could not be performed
after the destruction of the
On page 102 we referred to a converted Rabbi who called himself by the name of Neophyte. A copy [of] his book was found in the Library of the Theological Academy of St. Petersburg. Leese then tells us: "This work was translated from the Greek at a Court Session by one of the experts, Professor Troitzky, who held a professorship in the same Academy. The Neophyte affirms in his work that Judaism holds an awesome mystery which is not revealed in its books and which consists in the fact that Jews murder Christians to obtain their blood for different purposes. If a Jew is in need of blood, he must not cut, but 'prick and pinch.' The opinion that the use of blood as food is forbidden to the Jews is quite erroneous, since there are in the Talmud indications to the contrary. * * * According to Neophyte, these murders have three purposes: first, the excessive hatred which they feel toward Christians and which makes them believe that in committing such crimes they offer a sacrifice to God; the second reason is the superstition which they harbor about the blood, attributing to its magic potentialities; finally, the rabbis who hesitate to affirm that Jesus Christ was not the real Messiah, think that they will be saved if they spill the blood of Christians. Having obtained the blood of Christians, they use it for different purposes. The rabbis consider it to be an excellent medicament for eye and skin diseases which afflict the Jews so often. Blood is also used in the ceremonies of marriage, circumcision, and burial, but first of all in making of unleavened bread. For this last purpose they kidnap children before the Passover, lock them up and then kill them to obtain their blood. The murder is always preceded by tortures. The Jews prick the children, believing that they are torturing Jesus Christ.4
Resuming the translation of Monniot's book: "The supreme mystery known only to rabbis, savants and Pharisees, and carefully concealed from the people, is this use of the blood of Christians. A father on his death-bed transmits this mystery under an extreme oath of secrecy to one of his sons. Neophyte says that this mystery was transmitted to him by his father, who exacted from him an oath never to reveal it, not even to his brothers. But having been baptized, Neophyte held it impossible to remain silent on this point." (Cf. 170, Vol. VI).
Quoting from p. 48 of Leese's book: "Martin
Luther seems to have had an inkling of the true nature of the Jew when he said:
'How the Jews love the Book of Esther, which is so suitable to their
bloodthirsty, revengeful, murderous appetite and hopes. The sun has never shone
on such a bloodthirsty and revengeful people, who fancy themselves
to be the chosen people so that they can murder and strangle the heathen.' (From the
"At Madgeburg, in 1562, a Protestant history
of the Christian Church was compiled, called the Madgeburg
Centuries; it was compiled by a number of Lutheran theologians headed by M.
Flacius, and was first published as the Historia Ecclesiae Christi. This book records
the ritual murders of
SIR RICHARD BURTON.
Page 28 of Leese's book, supra: "Sir Richard
Burton, the great explorer and orientalist, who was
English Consul at Damascus 30 years after the Ritual Murder (of Padre Tomasi,—E.N.S.) studied the whole question of the Blood
Accusation, and eventually wrote The Jew, the Gypsy and El Islam, of which this author has the edition
edited by W. H. Wilkins and published by Hutchinson in 1898. (I have a copy of
this book which was bought in
Continuing, Leese writes: "Let us therefore follow (1) the Book, (2) the Appendix on Ritual Murder.
(1) The Book. This is easy; it is well nigh impossible to obtain. [sic; "…it is well nigh unobtainable." –JR]
(2) The Appendix on Ritual Murder. What happened to it? This is what happened to it:--
" 'See D.
L. Alexander versus Manners Sutton, King's Bench Division,
From the Preface [p. vii-viii of
With this introduction, we now cite some parts of
P. 81. In the books of Moses we find that blood is used as a purifier. * * * Human blood is not used by us in its pure state; nor can we7 call it human for the Gentiles are mere vermin, and of their daughters it is said, "Cursed be he that lieth with any beast." It must also mostly undergo through manipulation a change in essence. Nor is it administered indiscriminately, but only to the most zealous. On the eve of the Passover the chief Scribe attends the oven, and mixes what he pleases with the cakes, which are then sent around to the congregation.
P. 98 of
P. 104. The large space given * * * to the
unhallowed practices of magic and necromancy, the summoning and conversion with
devils and spirits, the advocacy of astrology, charms, and philters served as a
pretext for Pope and Inquisition to attack it. In A.D. 553, Justinian
proscribed it (Talmud) by Novella 146 as a "tissue of puerilities, of
fables, of iniquities, of insults, of imprecations, or heresies, and of
blasphemies." It was destroyed by Gregory IX, in A.D. 1230; it was burnt
P. 115. Obviously such cruel and vindictive
teaching as that recounted in the previous chapter must bear fruit in crime and
atrocities. * * * From earliest ages to these modern days, and not in one
place, but all the world over, the hatred of the Jew
against the non-Jew has been the fiercest. Those who are so ready to admit and
deplore the mighty provocations which aroused a spirit of retaliation in the Rabbinical mind should equally make allowance for the
natural feelings of the unfortunate Gentiles and heathens when the "People
of the Synagogue" had their wicked will. * * * In A.D. 614, the Hebrews of
Galilee, according to Eutychius, joining the Persian
army under Chosroes II, caused a great slaughter of
the Nazarenes. When the
In closing our reply to the accusations of Ben Zion Bokser,
the reader is directed to that Christian classic: The History of the
Christian Church, by Dr. Philip Schaff. In Vol. I, p. 59, he writes: "The Talmud (i.e.
Doctrine) represents the traditional, post exilian,
and anti-Christian Judaism" and then says on page 156 of the same book:
"Such was the Jewish religion at the time of Christ. He was the only
In Vol. I, p. 110, of George Foote Moore's Judaism, Harvard University Press, 1932 he says: "Down to the rise of Karaites in the eighth century and their revolt against the Talmud, there was nothing that deserved the name of schism." Again on p. 91 of the same volume, quoting Justin Martyr, who was a native of Palestine (Schechem) and a contemporary, he says: "Bar Cocheba took dire vengeance upon them (Nazarenes, or followers of Jesus Christ) if they refused to deny Jesus their Messiah."
About one thousand years later, 1759, Leese tells us, p. 40 of the book we
have cited: "A converted Jew, J. J. Frank, formed a sect called the Frankists, at Lemberg. These
people were all Jews who had become Christians in revolt against the evils
taught in the Talmud. They said it was the Talmud which was the root of all
troubles between the Jews and Gentiles. Prince Etienne de Mikoulissky, administrator of the archdiocese of Lemberg, instituted public debates between the Frankists and the Talmudic Jews. A debate held in July took
place in which various matters were dealt with point by point until six points
had been settled; the seventh one was the Frankists'
declaration that 'the Talmud teaches the employment of Christian blood and he
believes in the Talmud ought to make use of this blood.' The Frankists said they had learned this in their youth as
Jews. Under the heading Baruch Yavan, the Jewish
Encyclopedia, 1903, Vol. II, p. 563, admits that the Frankists
brought the blood accusation against the Talmudists; also in Vol.
Paslms 106, 36-38: "And they served their
idols: which were a snare unto them. Yea, they sacrificed their sons and their
daughters unto devils, and shed innocent blood, even the blood of their sons
and of their daughters, whom they sacrificed unto the idols of
With reference to the death of Father Pranaitis, Mr. Leese, replying to this author's question on this, wrote me as follows: "The statement that Pranaitis was shot by the Cheka comes from the same eye-witness (who was a witness in the Beilis case). Eye-witness seen by me (Leese) personally; cannot give his name."
With the concerted persecution of this editor, especially by those whom he expected would be his friends on the record of his life and service, we now dare affirm in our effort to present the truth that we are not apprehensive of the final result and base our statement on Romans 8, 36-37: "For thy sake we are killed all the day long; we are accounted as sheep for the slaughter. Nay, in all these things we are more than conquerors through Him that loved us."
FROM INDEX OF
ISSUE OF OCTOBER, 1937.
(Henry Field, writer of the article below, is curator of physical
anthropology at Field Museum of Natural History, Chicago. He was recently
awarded the degree of Doctor of Science by
"* * * members of the Field Museum anthropological expedition to the
Near East in 1934 * * * According to their tradition the Jews of Iraq have
lived in Mesopotamia since Sargon of Assyria brought their ancestors from
Samaria in the eighth century B.C. * * * They mixed with other racial groups,
absorbing their physical characters. What is popularly termed the 'Jewish' nose
was thus acquired from the Hittites * * * To the protected southern slopes of
the mountains of Kurdistan cling many villages where the struggle for existence
combined with a constant dread of attack has engrained in the inhabitants a tenacity
of purpose and religious zeal which has few modern parallels. Jew, Kurd,
Armenian and Nestorian remain bitterly aloof, the Jews suffering much at the
hands of the Kurds from a constant intertribal warfare. Moreover, belief that
the Jews use Christian blood at the Passover sustained between Jew and
Sephardim Jews who observe the Mosaic law * * * Seventy-two items of ritual are
1 In the Book Review of the New York
2 With reference to these ritual murders at Norwich and Lincoln, we have corroborative evidence from John Foxe in his Acts and Monuments of the Church (1563), quoting from Mr. Leese, page 49, where Foxe says: "For every year commonly their (the Jews') custom was to set some Christian man's child from his parents and on Good Friday to crucify him indespite of our religion." He described the ritual crucifixion of British children by Jews at
3 Acte Sanctorum * * * historical record between 1643 and 1883. The volumes in which they recorded various ritual murders by Jews are mainly those written in the seventeenth century.
4 Leese tells the reader, p. 53 of his book:
"Colonel Lindbergh's son was missed on
5 The McMillan Company,
6 On page 5 of the New York Times Book
8 This Pope in 1286 wrote to the Archbishop of Canterbury, directing him to have a care lest any one read a book from, which all evils flow. Pope Pius IV, when authorizing a new edition, expressly stipulated that it should not be published without the title of Talmud, which appears to have been a kind of Shibboleth, Si tamen prodierit sine nomine Talmud, tolerari deberet. Such was the terror which it inspired in the ecclesiastical mind.
A. is the father of B. B. told this author that A. started his education in Europe with the idea of becoming a rabbi but that when he had started his studies of the unexpurgated edition of the Talmud and found what it taught concerning Christ and Christians, he not only discontinued his studies but later was a convert to Christianity and out of this experience told B. never to read an unexpurgated copy of the Talmud.